Skip to main content

About your Search

20121201
20121231
STATION
CNBC 11
CNNW 5
KPIX (CBS) 4
KTVU (FOX) 4
KRON (MyNetworkTV) 2
WUSA (CBS) 2
CNN 1
FBC 1
KGO (ABC) 1
WJZ (CBS) 1
LANGUAGE
English 32
Search Results 0 to 31 of about 32 (some duplicates have been removed)
to the airport. if you are driving down the peninsula to redwood city, it's a nice drive. across the bay, we have slow traffic from 238 on down and in the santa clara valley we've had slow traffic and the 85 already. 7:07. let's go to -- let's go to steve. >>> this is a colder pattern. this may last a while. 7, 10, 15 day -- 15 days. there's a pattern with stronger systems coming in. christmas week could be kind of rainy and snowy as well. i almost had to choke there for a second. i'm okay now. coming down from cape mendocino there could be some snow. we need that because the snow level was way too high. but that's changing. there's not a lot of life with the system. heard from steve bridges up in the keys, 2 inches at lake level. it will be more of a powdery. you can see some scattered showers around, nothing widespread or anything. just kind of -- there was some towards orinda, san rafael, berkeley, emeryville, san mateo, redwood city, heading over towards the hayward side. also along highway 1 towards woodside, skyline, 84. san gregoireia and then towards the santa cruz mountains. there's been
by a federal monitor. the city has agreed to surrender some control of the opd. cbs 5 reporter da lin on those who say it will now be harder to fight crime. >> that agreement in my opinion is going to be absolutely worse for the oakland police department to be able to function. >> reporter: oakland mayor jean quan and police chief howard jordan did not want to talk about the partial federal takeover. but councilman ignacio de la fuente says the arrangement creates too many restrictions on police officers to fight crime. >> police got have the ability to use what they learn in order to identify people before they commit crimes. >> reporter: the compliance director would be able to punish and fire the police chief and the command staff. civil rights attorney john burris says that person is basically the chief of the police chief. >> this is a game changer in many ways, and so it should be felt all the way down to the officers on the street. >> reporter: burris insists the compliance director will not direct officers on how to did is -- on how to do their jobs on a daily basis. they would help op
but this is the first pedestrian fatality in recent memory. >> police in foster city are bison residence to secure their vehicles after nine separate auto burglaries were reported this week. the ninth car break-in was reported wednesday. most of these break-ins happened along shale boulevard and emerald bay lane. officers say that burglar prevailed on unlocking vehicles or broke windows to gain entry. items like purses, electronics, gps devices and other items that were left with in view were stolen. residents are reminded to keep all their valuable items out of view. and to keep their car doors locked all times. -what's up? i'm chris. -and i'm erik. both: we're the fruit guys! back in 1998, we had this idea to deliver fresh fruit to offices in downtown san francisco. we built these wooden crates, filled these with fruit in my one-bedroom apartment. the fruit guys has been with bank of america since they first started. we work with them to help them grow and succeed. we're coming up on 50 employees and delivering to thousands of companies every week. i would definitely say this is a fruitful busin
to union city. that traffic is going to be a little bit slow now as you head south. let's go to steve. >>> a very good morning. a little breeze. that's an offshore wind. downtown oakland is 59 -- excuse me. downtown oakland is 60. the airport is 59. there's some areas up in mendocino county, lake county. for some it's mild to warm. for others, cold and patchy. >>> today, sunshine -- >> today, sunshine, lane comes in late, late tus -- late late tuesday, early wednesday. it won't be a lot of rain. nothing like we had a week ago. that's for sure. the cold air is on its way. today, cool, clear, patchy fog. cold to warm. sunny, mild to warm, breezy to windy. some of the higher elevations. a nice weekend and gives way to a nice monday and most, i think about half of tuesday. it's a dry pattern until wednesday and maybe even some low snow levels by the way as we get toward wednesday night. fair field, 30s, santa rosa. oakland, 59 at the airport. dipping below 50 at hayward. oakland/berkeley coming 0 the hills, it's a wind. the gulf alaska is coming into the picture it will be coming right a
rattled nerves. >> the quake did touch off a 3- foot high tsunami at a coastal city. there were no monster waves and there have been numerous aftershocks including one measuring 6.2. >>> the latest from oakland, a man at the see yum last night -- at the coliseum last night at the game fell 30 feet down. he was seriously hurt. christien kafton is live with more. what do you know? >> reporter: well, we know there are a lot of questions about what happened. sometime right around kickoff at last night's game, a man either fell or jumped from the third-level concourse. you can see just how high the fall would be. the man either fell or -- about 30, 50 feet. he fell last night during the raiders/broncos' game. there are conflicting reports whether the fan fell accidentally or whether -- or whether he jumped. it's a very long drop and say incidents like this have happened at the coliseum or other places in the -- places in the country. >> i've heard about that happening. if you are not paying attention, you can fall and unfortunately, he fell yesterday. >> reporter: the workers took him to highla
for by the city. cbs 5 insider phil matier says both sides can claim a partial victory. >> the plaintiffs will now have someone within the department answerable to the court to make sure that changes are made. most importantly, what they avoid is a complete federal takeover something that would be an embarrassment for the city and could also lead to a judge telling them that they don't have enough cops and ordering them to hire more. >> according to the "oakland tribune," oakland will be the city in the nation -- the first city in the nation to have its police command staff under the authority of a court-appointed director. >>> san francisco supervisors are considering a pilot program to allow some police officers to carry tasers. the board committee meets about that this morning. the coalition on homelessness plans to protest though. it says the introduction of tasers increased deaths at the hands of officers. >>> some other bay area headlines now on this thursday. candles and flowers sit at the site where a bicyclist was gunned down near a berkeley school yesterday. family and friends believe th
. [ male announcer ] it's that time of year again. time for citi price rewind. because your daughter really wants that pink castle thing. and you really don't want to pay more than you have to. only citi price rewind automatically searches for the lowest price. and if it finds one, you get refunded the difference. just use your citi card and register your purchase online. have a super sparkly day! ok. [ male announcer ] now all you need is a magic carriage. citi price rewind. start saving at citi.com/pricerewind. you can stay in and share something... or you can get out there and actually share something. ♪ the lexus december to remember sales event is on. this is the pursuit of perfection. >>> welcome back to "worldwide exchange." if you're traveling around london today, you better take the bus or hail a cab. for the third straight year, hundreds of london underground workers and drivers have gone on a 24-hour strike on boxing day. the first day of post-christmas retail sales. the union has a long-running dispute with tube management over bank holiday pay. >>> and here in the u.s., suppo
checking with the c h p and no incidences to report with 22 minutes from the novat into the city. >> the storm in the bay area yesterday caused major delays at s-f-o...the f-a-a was reporting delays on arriving and departing flights at around three hours.. this morning there are no delays out of san francisco international this morning. we'll be keeping an eye on delays out of s-f-o, if any, all morning here on the kron four morning news. >> a sinkhole in the east bay is now even larger than it was when it first collapsed. it happened sunday.. along mountain view road in lafayette. city officials say, a storm drain under the road here, failed.. opening this enormous hole. they widened the hole by 10 feet to place fabric support then boulders on top. officials fear soil errosion could push up the stream and push the creek... possibly leading to flooding of nearby homes when another storm hits. the road could be closed for the entire winter, as crews figure out a plan to replace the drain. >> the rain soaked ground .... means more trees are taking the fall. in richmond.. c
showers, in the city, san francisco getting wet along the coastline. for today we are breezy, cloudy conditions, soggy conditions, but we will start to see a bit of a break-in to the afternoon. advisories in place already in the third of storms coming our way. i will show you the timeline and bring you details coming up. >> it has been a wild week of weather. we are not done yet. want to give you a live look outside. interstate 80, rain water on the roadway. two hands onto wheel. we will see scattered showers throughout the bay area before the next powerful punch flows through. yesterday's heavy wind and rain cause power outages. >>> most of the bay area will be under a flash flood watch through the weekend, a break-in the weather has helped water levels drop on the street in the north bay. some areas did flood and we could see it happen again tomorrow. the river rose with in a few feet of topping its banks and in kernville the russian river rose 14 feet. >> there were 14 steps here. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, it's come up 7, 8, steps in five hours. >> the national weather service issued
. in the city of alexandria, there have been more violent clashes between president morsei's opponents and his supporters. the president's opponents are demanding that he immediately gives up all of the sweeping new powers that he gave himself two weeks ago. they also want him to postpone a referendum on egypt's new constitution, due to take place in just over a week. critics say that constitution doesn't protect the rights of all egyptians. but president morsi didn't do either of those things last night. instead he offered to give up just one of his new powers, vaguely worded right to take all necessary measures to affect the country. he said he would give up the other powers once the referendum had taken place. also yesterday, president obama telephoned president morsi to express his deep concern over the violence and deaths that have occurred. he also urged president morsi to have a dialogue with the opposition without any preconditions. for "cbs this morning," holly williams, cairo. >>> in syria this morning, rebel troops declared the airport in damascus to be a fair target, warning civili
jane wells knows for sure. jane? >> tyler, i'm out here at city walk. prepare yourself. i have something good to say about retail, including one store, the only store i have never shopped at. i didn't know one existed. we will have that after the break. >> announcer: if congress fails to intervene, over $1 billion will be cut from the afghanistan security forces fund which helps afghanistan to develop its own security forces. omnipotent of . you know how to mix business... with business. and you...rent from national. because only national lets you choose any car in the aisle. and go. you can even take a full-size or above. and still pay the mid-size price. i could get used to this. [ male announcer ] yes, you could business pro. yes, you could. go national. go like a pro. yes, you could. and you wouldn't have it any other way.e. but your erectile dysfunction - you know, that could be a question of blood flow. cialis tadalafil for daily use helps you be ready anytime the moment's right. you can be more confident in your ability to be ready. and the same cialis is the only daily
that rebels surround the city of damascus which has been an assad stronghold. secretary of state hillary clinton says that bash ar al assad is assad-of- could use chemical weapons to hold on to power and told cbs news, not clear she can negotiate an exit pnd tends to recognize the syrian opposition as the representative of the syrian people next week. that could start to pave the way for them to create a new government. >> very interesting. margaret brennan, thank you noor. >>> in washington this morning, just 26 days left before the fiscal cliff deadline. president obama spoke on the phone with house speaker john boehner on wednesday while his treasury secretary said the white house is, in fact, ready to go straight over the fiscal cliff. major garrett is at the white house. major, good morning. >> reporter: good morning, norah and charlie. later on this afternoon the president will travel across the potomac river to northern virginia to meet a middle-class family to make the self-evident point if the there is a deal and taxes are raised by about $2,000 they'll be
online. we're ready to help. time for citi price rewind. because your daughter really wants that pink castle thing. and you really don't want to pay more than you have to. only citi price rewind automatically searches for the lowest price. and if it finds one, you get refunded the difference. just use your citi card and register your purchase online. have a super sparkly day! ok. [ male announcer ] now all you need is a magic carriage. citi price rewind. start saving at citi.com/pricerewind. >>> welcome back, everybody. we're talking with former british prime minister tony blair. he's also a representative with the quartet on the middle east. it's nice to have you with us. let's talk a little bit about syria. hillary clinton had a statement out yesterday. she's in the czech republic, and she said this. i'm not going to telegraph in any specifics what we would do in the event there's credible evidence that the assad regime has resorted to using chemical weapons against their own people, but suffice it to say we are certainly planning to take action if that eventuality were to occur. fi
:20. and the outlook for u.s. credit market appears less rose city. we'll speak to a moody's analyst that says high duration credit could be badly exposed. the european central bank is announcing either monetary policy decisions later today. economists expect ecb to stay pat on rates. its revised down its forecasts in 2013. hot on the heels from her stint in brusselss, silvia has moved back to frankfurt and the ecb headquarters. how more pessimistic might they be today in their forecasts. >> that's the big question. if they get too clee to the zero for the forecast next year, anything below let's say 0.4, 0.3 would be considered a little bit more bearish and that would of course increase the chances or risks whatever you want to look at it for further rate cut somewhere down the pike early next year, maybe january or february. the consensus for today is as you said no change on rates. remember a month ago, there were many calling for rate cut this month, but that seems to have receded right now. maybe also because the data we see out of the eurozone is rather mixed. everybody quite agrees that foir
this morning, oakland is now the first city in the nation to willfully surrender control of its police department to a court appointed director. the city reached a deal yesterday to avoid federal take over of the department. a 2003 lawsuit required the department to make more than 50 reforms that haven't happened. compliance director will now oversee the department that person will have power to demote staff or fire the chief. u.s. district court judge will rule whether to approve the deal next thursday. >>> the one billion dollar patent battle between the world's t two sport phone makers resumes today. -- top two sport phone makers resumes today. we'll find out what happens to the price of apple stock when the market opens in the next half hour. it fell $37 a share to close at $538 yesterday. largest single day percentage drop in four years. apple is still way up from the start of the year when it was $411. it did hit $700 at one point. if you bought then, you are looking -- >>> traffic and weather together next. san mateo bridge sparse on one side and busy on the other. sue will tell
-looking forecast. maybe some snow here. looks like rain down the city toward washington, d.c. too warm for snow out of this one. stay tuned. next wednesday, guys, could be talking about a nor'easter, it's been a while since we've seen one of those. >> oh, no. >> just want snow. it's not -- correct me if i'm wrong because i've been wrong, it's not winter yet, is it? i'm afraid to say how many days it is because i'll mess up the math. it's not winter yet. we -- >> it's technical. in weather world, winter starts on december 1. >> wally world? >> meteorological winter. weather world. not clark griswald. >> december 1? it is winter. >> according to the sun the start of winter is december 21. also the end of the world. maybe we won't see weather. >> that's right. that's right. it is. you know, the -- the vatican says the world is not -- i'm going to go with the vatican on this. >> as opposed to the mayans. >> yeah. >> pagans versus -- >> yeah. >> i think that's fair. i expect being here on the 22nd -- >> like the fiscal cliff. if you can't be an optimist, you can't show up. >> but if the end of the world
this green behind me from dale city to woodbridge all the way up to springfield and the 14th street bridge. i think we're good to go right now if you're just headed out the door. we'll prove it to you and show you what it looks like live outside. if you're planning to head here this is considered very light for 5:00 in the morning. looking great to the beltway. let's go back to the maps. this time we're heading to the east side of town, bw parkway, route 50, coming through cheverly look good. no issues in the northeast corridor. we're looking good on the beltway north of town. let's take a live look one more time outside. here's 270 at falls road looking much better than overnight. more traffic at 5:10. back to you guys. >> thank you, monika. >>> at this hour we're following a developing story out of adelphi, maryland. >> police have an apartment complex surrounded. they've had it that way for several hours. delia goncalves is live near the scene to try to give us more details on why they're doing this. delia? >> reporter: the barricade situation has been ongoing in adelphi for several hours.
. they belong on the battlefield of war, not the streets of our cities. i believe the majority of gun owners would agree we should do everything possible to prevent criminals and fugitives from purchasing weapons. >> three weeks later, six people were killed and four others injured at a sikh temple in wisconsin. the president expresses outrage and makes vague reference to the need for change. we learned over the weekend the department of justice did create a set of recommendationes it beef up background checks after the giffords shooting but those recommendations went largely ignored. this time, it is not just the president saying, when the victims are innocent children, it's time to move from conversation it action. tyler? >> hampton pearson, thank you. >>> to the markets now. apple dipping below $500 a share for the first time since february. in premarket trading, this after citi downgraded stock. the company did sell better than expected 2 million iphone 5s in china over the weekend. the best smart phone launch ever in that country. what will the future bring with apple? i'm here with spe
this morning, a company backed by millionaire elon muss sex going mub. we are talking about solar city, known for solar panels, musk, who is the company's chairman and ceo, lyndon life, will join us this hour. nship. together for your future. ♪ >>> google maps returned to apple's i phone and ipad. google maps replaced the default application with its own app but that was a target of widespread criticism. the google maps available as a download from apple's itunes store. so it is available as a download. i mean, does this change anything, jim? >> google is huge. >> yeah it s >> apple -- are we really trading on every little review now? oh, wow, google maps. there is a un -- really an unreality about these stocks. they should not trade on whether google maps is sudden lynn better than apple maps, should be trading on profits, earnings. google missed last time, apple missed twice. maybe apple doing better. we look at the review and say i got to take out some google. it is not going to drive google's earnings, if you -- display ad does drive google's earnings but nothing to do with display ads,
said, at the big board, the ballet from monte carlo. performing until january 6th in new york city. and over at the nasdaq, a group that does a lot of good work at this time of the year, the salvation army. >> some like it hot. >> interesting. >> the birth cage. bird cage. >> looking where we are opening, no surprise to the down side here. initially out of the gate, one of their biggest losers is microsoft, down by more than a percent. we were talking about whether or not there will be any upside to pc sales. a lot of the data points indicated by "the new york times" saying no. saying pc sales are lower than expected. you've got microsoft down by about 1%. one of the leaders for the year, you mentioned bank of america, the best performing stock on the dow. a double this year if you're lucky enough to get in on bank of america and stick with that trade. across the board financials seeing a little bit of weakness in today's session. >> keep an eye on facebook. obviously the news a little thin this morning. the sunday "times" of london reporting the company has various methods of tax
the straight equities business. der riff city was the key. >> people want to believe this is not going to be the latest in a chain of squelch deals, denied deals. you think this one -- >> this one does not appear to have any hair on it when it comes to antitrust. >> nationalism. >> two u.s. companies. two u.s. companies. unless you want new york versus atlanta. that could be -- >> we did that. >> atlanta, the financial capital of the world. not the same ring to it. >> oracle buys a company. yesterday, merkel buys a company. today -- >> angela merkel bought a company? >> play that out. the insurance business. gardner denver perhaps. david -- >> yeah. >> this is deal mania. >> mention arris, trading up again, double the size of the -- what is happening? >> ge this week. >> potentially, the italian enginemaker. >> the fiscal cliff, result supposed to be frozen? aren't we supposed to be paralyzed? >> i guess the clock ran out on everybody saying we can't do anything? >> this is huge for us. >> i don't have a legitimate answer for you. none of these transactions are going to close this year
the city of damascus which has been an as assad stronghold. bashar al assad is increasingly threatened and could use chemical weapons to hold on to power. she told cbs news that the russians are refusing to give assad asylum. cbs has also learned that the u.s. tends to recognize syrian opposition as the representatives of the syrian people next week. that could start to pave the way for them to create a new government. >> very interesting. margaret brennan, thank you for that. >>> in washington this morning, there are just 26 days left before the fiscal cliff deadline. president obama spoke on the phone with house speaker john boehner on wednesday while his treasury secretary said the white house is, in fact, ready to go straight over the fiscal cliff. major garrett is at the white house. major, gd morning. >> reporter: good morning, charlie and norah. the president will cross over the potomac into northern virginia to meet with a family who says their taxes don't go up, they'll be happier and spend more money. that's the pr side of this. much more important
on this story coming up later. also, major developments in syria. a syrian city dating back all the way to biblical times now stands in ruins. our own arwa damon as i've been pointing out she is risking her life with exclusive reports from inside syria. we'll be speaking with her momentarily. also, the nfl commissioner now speaking out for the first time about the horrific murder-suicide involving linebacker javon belcher and his girlfriend. a hybrid? most are just no fun to drive. now, here's one that will make you feel alive. meet the five-passenger ford c-max hybrid. c-max says ha. c-max says wheeee. which is what you get, don't you see? cause c-max has lots more horsepower than prius v, a hybrid that c-max also bests in mpg. say hi to the all-new 47 combined mpg c-max hybrid. yep. the longer you stay with us, the more you save. and when you switch from another company to us, we even reward you for the time you spent there. genius. yeah, genius. you guys must have your own loyalty program, right? well, we have something. show her, tom. huh? you should see november! oh, yeah? giving y
. this is keeping new york city stock exchange selling to entrepreneur is not bad. he knew his business model had some issues. no doubt about it. look at the volume chart. it's bad. he sold to a place, let's face it, it is a brilliant entrepreneural company, no doubt. lori: pending regulatory approval we can't forget. >> of course. they kill it in the past. lori: speaking of which, let's go down to nicety euronext. it has been 15 minutes since we checked in with nicole petallides. what is on your mind, nicole? >> we're talking about a couple names in the drug industry other than nyx on the move. look at some names in the drug industry making headlines. we start with vivid. they have an obesity drug. apparently a drug that would be more popular if people didn't have to pay full price. the dream has come true. the stock is up almost 2 1/2%. because viv u.s.'s drug will be covered by express scripts a largest pharmacy benefit management in the country. patients will pay roughly between 50 and $60 for this obesity drug, rather than paying the full retail cost. on the flipside, dow component merck is
to the people in the city i love and the state i love. you and i both know this because you have done some great shows on this. we live in a country that has so much work to do. we still live in a country where men and women are denied equal citizenship rights because of who they decide to love. we live in a country where we have an abject failure in war on drugs that is costing taxpayers billions and billions of dollars and locking up more people than any country on earth. we still haven't faced up to immigration policy. we still have poverty, people working full-time jobs, still below the poverty line. there is an urgency to address one simple test. when a child stands up in oakland, california and a child stands up in a more affluent area and they say those five words, liberty and justice for all, we are still in a country that's working to make that more perfect union that makes those words real. we all should feel like we should be thinking what can i do in my life to best serve that ideal. >> booker for president any time? >> president of the new jersey "star trek" association? >> of the u
and great values on your holiday shopping from l.l. bean. >>> hi. i'm steven ye, located in new york city. i'm annoyed. i'm annoyed with the fiscal cliff. we're looking at not knowing what's going to happen. we fall off this cliff, and everyone gets affected. there's no trickle-down effect, it's more like a slush. we will lose income. the question is, housm income are we going to lose. if we fall off the cliff, the fear is that we fall off the cliff. not slowly glide down the cliff. big government at this point needs to understand that we should be able to trust you to do the right thing. put politics aside. think about us, the people. that's why we have government. fix it. >> all right. we're looking at a triple-digit gain here on the dow at this hour. up 109 points, a game of 13 points there. the nasdaq really the outperformer up by 1.one and a third points. andy lapierre is managing director with the group. what happens in the next few days will determine whether or not we have a year-end rally. >> we're having a rally already, melissa. absolutely. the market -- the next few days will det
.5%. citigroup gained ground on its announcements of job cuts. talking about laying off 11,000 people. citi's news lifting the banking sectoroff all. "wall street journal" suggests the new ceo still needs to set the a new path for the bank to follow and argues corbat is unlikely to get anything close to 100% approval rating especially if he chooses to postpone returning money to shareholders. >> there was a lot of different cross currents from what people were hearing yesterday in washington. market well above 100. >> ended up 85 for the day. >> i guess the demise of john boehner as speaker was greatly exaggerated. did you see this "new york times" piece? more support for boehner now than anytime in his speaker ship. is that's setting up for -- >> but it is social media and twitter allows to you see these things. >> sausage factory into the front of the kitchen. >> exactly. >> geithner didn't use the word marginal rates had to go up, just said rates. >> rates are already going up. there will be a tax increase to people making more than 250 anyway because of the health care law. so the idea
after a month, in a month. >>> near kansas city, missouri, a secret santa making holiday dreams come true. the local businessman who doesn't want to be identified is doling out $100 bills to unsuspecting strangers, for those in need it's enough to rescue a bleak season. >> merry christmas, whoever the secret santa is, god bless him, merry christmas. >> i look on the face for sadness and when i find sadness, there needs to be hope, and so that's who i usually approach first. that's yours. >> oh, my god, are you serious? >> yeah, i think you dropped it. >> oh, my god. >> this year the secret santa has given away about $100,000. he took over the job from the original secret santa who gave away nearly $1.5 million between 1979 and his death in 2006. >>> we want to turn to the crisis in syria, where government officials have rejected a decision by the u.s. to recognize the opposition as representative of the syrian people. it comes as u.s. officials say forces loyal to president bashar al assad have fired at least four short range scud missiles into northern syria, likely at rebels. those
if for. ♪ >> executive chef andre dupont at the city of london branch has promised it teach even a kitchen novice like me how to make the perfect holiday meal. this is the second london location of the french company, but plenty more are in the pipeline. >> we plan it open four more in the next tweerks all o years, a london. >> why is the u.k. so ripe for expanding a cooking school business? blame the likes of tv chefs. >> the desire to learn about cooking, to watch cooking is everywhere. it's ubiquitous across the media. you watch any tv program at night, you've got cooking there. any magazine, newspaper, you've got cooking there. we've become very used to cooking. we're a nation of armchair chefs. >> how did my attempt at making holiday dinner go? okay, i'm going try to get a little of everything. so good. it's worth the effort to actually make something like this for my family. that would be great. >> absolutely. >> wow. turns out with a little classically trained french help, even i can make christmas dinner. from the kitchens of latalia de chefs, i'm kelly evans. if there's
Search Results 0 to 31 of about 32 (some duplicates have been removed)